The monsoon in June 2013 , unprecedented rainfall resulted in a sudden increase in water levels, giving rise to flash floods in the Mandakini, Alakananda, Bhagirathi and other river basins, also causing extensive landslides at various locations. Over 900,000 people have been affected by the event in Uttarakhand. The districts of Bageshwar, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag and Uttarkashi were most affected. A total of 4,200 villages were affected; about 3,320 houses were fully damaged; about 995 public buildings were damaged. At many locations entire settlements have been washed away while many buildings were partially damaged and are now unsafe for habitation and may require total rebuilding. There are challenges in finding suitable lands for reconstruction of houses for which has been lost due to widening valleys, erosion of slopes or due to generated landslides.
The Government of Uttarakhand assisted by the World Bank has developed the Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project .The Project design has incorporated lessons learned from previous national and global post-disaster recovery projects to ensure that the recovery is targeted, effective and is built back “smarter” in order to build resilience of local communities to future disasters. The design considerations behind this approach include increased resilient housing. As part of this component - Owner Driven Construction of Houses (ODCH), 2382 resilient houses were successfully constructed by the respective beneficiaries. The project was implemented by the Project Management Unit (PMU)/ PIU in Dehradun through the offices of the respective District Magistrates (DMs).
- 25 public buildings including Food Godown, 4 Inter Colleges, 3 Dispensary, 3 Police Thana/ Post, 2 Fire Stations, Hostel, CO Office, USDMA Building, Anganwadi, Community Center including 8 Primary schools are being reconstructed and are various stages of construction.
- 10 Public Buildings have been constructed and handing over to parent department is in progress. DPR is being finalized for the USDMA Building.
Constructed houses of some beneficiaries