Uttarakhand was formed on November 9, 2000 to become the 27th State of India. It is predominantly a hilly State, having international boundaries with the People’s Republic of China in the north and Nepal in the east. On its north-west lies the State of Himachal Pradesh, while on the south it is bounded by the State of Uttar Pradesh. The high Himalayan ranges and glaciers form most of the northern parts of the state while the lower reaches are densely forested (covering about 70% of the state) with rich natural resources and wildlife habitats. Two of India's major rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna, originate from Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand comprises of 13 districts that are grouped into two regions: Kumaon and Garhwal, and has a total geographical area of 53,484 sq. km. The economy of the State primarily depends on agriculture and tourism. The State is home to some of the most important pilgrimage centres known as the “Char-Dham”, i.e. the Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath.